In the present world, if we think of any sort of development, then the presence of science and technology cannot be ignored.
The evolution of science is like a boon to the world, as human beings come to know a lot about the world they are living in including the activities they indulge into. Furthermore, the development of technology along with the advancement in Science helps to bring in a revolution in various fields such as medicine, agriculture, education, information and technology, and many more.
In an academic context, the Association for Computing Machinery defines IT as “undergraduate degree programs that prepare students to meet the computer technology needs of business, government, healthcare, schools, and other kinds of organizations . IT specialists assume responsibility for selecting hardware and software products appropriate for an organization, integrating those products with organizational needs and infrastructure, and installing, customizing, and maintaining those applications for the organization’s computer users.” 
Massive amounts of data are stored worldwide every day, but unless it can be analysed and presented effectively it essentially resides in what have been called data tombs: “data archives that are seldom visited”.  To address that issue, the field of data mining – “the process of discovering interesting patterns and knowledge from large amounts of data”  – emerged in the late 1980s. 
Whilst customer interfacing technology provides the gateway for interaction with your customers, it is often the technology within your product, whether it be a banking product, electronic goods or professional services to name a few, that provides the real value to customers. Technology innovations within this area are fast moving with new rich sources of data and new techniques such as rapid prototyping, agile development and new business models such as the “as-a-Service” model often used.
Emerging technologies are accelerating digital transformation, requiring business and process development and a forward-looking governance. Business capabilities are the sum of all processes and assets (systems and data) within the company, and comprise the entire business organisation, including any supporting functions within the organisation. Business capabilities are the key for developing the business and for utilising technology in the best possible way. Transformation comprises of the parts and processes of an organisation that are engaged in improving business capabilities.
The issues around new technology are, in my opinion, rather poorly understood, and to my knowledge, there is very little guidance on the most effective way to introduce new technology to medical practice. 1
I think all of us feel that we should advocate for new innovations in surgical practice, and this advocacy role frequently extends into our positions at hospitals and universities, clinics and patient care centres. There is inevitably an adversarial edge to this advocacy, since the resources available for new technology introduction are limited (in terms of both money and infrastructure), and therefore not everyone is going to get what they need to introduce “their” new technology.
Technological change also has the potential for transforming how the research university accomplishes its social mission. In an increasingly global culture linked together by technology, with no single cultural context to provide a “filter,” the role of traditional disciplinary canons is changing.
Nevertheless, some major technology-aided teaching experiments are beginning to emerge, and several factors suggest that digital technologies may eventually drive significant change throughout academia (Newman and Scurry, 2000; Hanna, 2000; Noble, 2001). Because these technologies are expanding by orders of magnitude our ability to create, transfer, and apply information, they will have a profound impact on how universities define and fulfill their missions. In particular, the ability of information technology to facilitate new forms of human interaction may allow the transformation of universities toward a greater focus on learning. 2